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Pregnancy Yoga

CDC Revises COVID-19 Risks During Pregnancy as Research Lags

Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center.

In late June, after three months of near silence on the topic, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention finally weighed in on a question of critical importance to millions of American women and families: How dangerous is the coronavirus for pregnant women and new mothers.


Floral Mask

How to Sanitize N95 Masks for Reuse: NIH Study

Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's Coronavirus Resource Center.

Exposing contaminated N95 respirators to vaporized hydrogen peroxide (VHP) or ultraviolet (UV) light appears to eliminate the SARS-CoV-2 virus from the material and preserve the integrity of the masks' fit for up to three uses, a National Institutes of Health (NIH) study shows.





Infusion Center Directors Shuffle Treatment Services in the Era of COVID-19

Editor's note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape's  Coronavirus Resource Center.

It's anything but business as usual for clinicians who oversee office-based infusion centers, as they scramble to maintain services for patients considered to be at heightened risk for severe illness should they become infected with COVID-19.






Desk with Stethoscope

Subclinical Hypothyroidism Appears Common in Women With Miscarriage

Among women with a history of miscarriage or subfertility, the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism is about 20% when using a TSH cutoff of 2.5 mIU/L, according to a prospective observational study published in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.

Whether asymptomatic patients should be screened for mild subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) or thyroid peroxidase antibodies (TPOAb) remains an open question, however. "In the absence of evidence of benefit with LT4 [levothyroxine] treatment and possible suggestion of harm


Birth Control Treatment

Combined Oral Contraceptives Tied to Increased Bone Mass in Premature Ovarian Insufficiency

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - In women with premature ovarian insufficiency (POI), combined oral contraceptives (COCs) use was associated with increased bone mineral density (BMD) compared to low-dose hormone therapy (HT) in an observational study in Brazil.

Dr. Cristina Laguna Benetti-Pinto of University of Campinas, Brazil, told Reuters Health by email, "Although the use of natural estrogens is often recommended, this form of HT does not meet all needs or is not always a treatment with good adherence





E-cigarettes Tied to Lower Sperm Counts in Young Men

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) - Use of e-cigarettes, like regular cigarette smoking, was associated with lower sperm counts among young men in an observational study.

Drs. Laerke Priskorn and Stine Agergaard Homboe of the University of Copenhagen told Reuters Health by email that that the research team has been monitoring semen quality and factors associated with it since 1996




Baby Breastfeeding

In-Hospital Formula Feeding More Than Doubles Odds of Early Weaning

Breastfed infants who receive formula in the hospital are more than twofold more likely to wean during the first year, compared with infants who are exclusively breastfed, according to research published online in Pediatrics.

The finding is based on an analysis of data from over 8,000 infants in the Minnesota Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC). The researchers used propensity scoring methods to match breastfed infants who received in-hospital formula to those who were exclusively breastfed


Dermatologist at Work

Treat Acne Aggressively Upfront, Expert Advises

In the opinion of Andrea L. Zaenglein, MD, the initial assessment of patients who present with acne should include five quick steps.

First, determine the types of lesions they have. "Do they have comedones, papules/pustules, and nodules present


Shot Glasses

US Fertility Rates Fall to Record Lows

In 2019, the number of births in the United States dropped for the fifth consecutive year, as did the fertility rate, and birth rates for women under age 30 fell to record lows, according to the National Center for Health Statistics.

To be exact – at least as exact as is possible from these provisional data – there were 3,745,540 births in the United States last year. That's down about 1% from 2018 and is the lowest number of births since 1985, Brady E





Many Women Can Successfully Have a Second ART Pregnancy

(Reuters Health) — Many women who have a baby using assistive reproductive technology (ART) can successfully do so a second time, especially if they use a previously frozen embryo, an Australian study suggests.

Researchers followed 35,290 women who had their first live birth via ART between 2009 and 2013 for two to seven years, during which time 15,325 of these women used ART again to try for another baby.




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